A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: 8192

Message: Return type of CI_Session_files_driver::open($save_path, $name) should either be compatible with SessionHandlerInterface::open(string $path, string $name): bool, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice

Filename: drivers/Session_files_driver.php

Line Number: 132

Backtrace:

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/application/controllers/Information.php
Line: 7
Function: __construct

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: 8192

Message: Return type of CI_Session_files_driver::close() should either be compatible with SessionHandlerInterface::close(): bool, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice

Filename: drivers/Session_files_driver.php

Line Number: 290

Backtrace:

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/application/controllers/Information.php
Line: 7
Function: __construct

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: 8192

Message: Return type of CI_Session_files_driver::read($session_id) should either be compatible with SessionHandlerInterface::read(string $id): string|false, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice

Filename: drivers/Session_files_driver.php

Line Number: 164

Backtrace:

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/application/controllers/Information.php
Line: 7
Function: __construct

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: 8192

Message: Return type of CI_Session_files_driver::write($session_id, $session_data) should either be compatible with SessionHandlerInterface::write(string $id, string $data): bool, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice

Filename: drivers/Session_files_driver.php

Line Number: 233

Backtrace:

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/application/controllers/Information.php
Line: 7
Function: __construct

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: 8192

Message: Return type of CI_Session_files_driver::destroy($session_id) should either be compatible with SessionHandlerInterface::destroy(string $id): bool, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice

Filename: drivers/Session_files_driver.php

Line Number: 313

Backtrace:

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/application/controllers/Information.php
Line: 7
Function: __construct

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: 8192

Message: Return type of CI_Session_files_driver::gc($maxlifetime) should either be compatible with SessionHandlerInterface::gc(int $max_lifetime): int|false, or the #[\ReturnTypeWillChange] attribute should be used to temporarily suppress the notice

Filename: drivers/Session_files_driver.php

Line Number: 354

Backtrace:

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/application/controllers/Information.php
Line: 7
Function: __construct

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: ini_set(): Session ini settings cannot be changed after headers have already been sent

Filename: Session/Session.php

Line Number: 284

Backtrace:

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/application/controllers/Information.php
Line: 7
Function: __construct

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: session_set_cookie_params(): Session cookie parameters cannot be changed after headers have already been sent

Filename: Session/Session.php

Line Number: 296

Backtrace:

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/application/controllers/Information.php
Line: 7
Function: __construct

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: ini_set(): Session ini settings cannot be changed after headers have already been sent

Filename: Session/Session.php

Line Number: 306

Backtrace:

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/application/controllers/Information.php
Line: 7
Function: __construct

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: ini_set(): Session ini settings cannot be changed after headers have already been sent

Filename: Session/Session.php

Line Number: 316

Backtrace:

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/application/controllers/Information.php
Line: 7
Function: __construct

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: ini_set(): Session ini settings cannot be changed after headers have already been sent

Filename: Session/Session.php

Line Number: 317

Backtrace:

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/application/controllers/Information.php
Line: 7
Function: __construct

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: ini_set(): Session ini settings cannot be changed after headers have already been sent

Filename: Session/Session.php

Line Number: 318

Backtrace:

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/application/controllers/Information.php
Line: 7
Function: __construct

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: ini_set(): Session ini settings cannot be changed after headers have already been sent

Filename: Session/Session.php

Line Number: 319

Backtrace:

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/application/controllers/Information.php
Line: 7
Function: __construct

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: ini_set(): Session ini settings cannot be changed after headers have already been sent

Filename: Session/Session.php

Line Number: 377

Backtrace:

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/application/controllers/Information.php
Line: 7
Function: __construct

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: ini_set(): Session ini settings cannot be changed after headers have already been sent

Filename: drivers/Session_files_driver.php

Line Number: 108

Backtrace:

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/application/controllers/Information.php
Line: 7
Function: __construct

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: session_set_save_handler(): Session save handler cannot be changed after headers have already been sent

Filename: Session/Session.php

Line Number: 110

Backtrace:

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/application/controllers/Information.php
Line: 7
Function: __construct

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

A PHP Error was encountered

Severity: Warning

Message: session_start(): Session cannot be started after headers have already been sent

Filename: Session/Session.php

Line Number: 143

Backtrace:

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/application/controllers/Information.php
Line: 7
Function: __construct

File: /var/www/tbaf.org.tw/en/index.php
Line: 315
Function: require_once

Alcohol Consumption Statistics | TBAF

Alcohol Consumption Statistics


Below please see alcohol consumption stats. updated according to the latest data. Adjustments to OECD data observed most obviously Korean stats. Before, it was at around the level of 12 liters. OECD average was thus pulled down a bit.

Alcohol consumption, Liters per capita (age 15+)

Source: OECD Health Data 2013; Taiwan national stats. authority 2013

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
OECD lowest
Israel 2.3 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.4
Turkey 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
OECD highest
France 13.4 13 12.7 12.9 12.7 12.3 12.3 12 12.6
Luxembourg 17.4 17.7 17.7 16.3 16.2 16.5 15.3
Taiwan's neighboring countries
Japan 8.4 8.2 8.5 7.9 7.7 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.3
Korea*** 9.3 9.3 9 9.2 9.3 9.5 8.9 9 8.9
Other OECD countries
Canada 7.7 7.8 7.8 8 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2 8
Germany 11.9 11.8 12.2 12.4 12.1 12 11.7
Ireland 13.5 13.6 13.4 13.4 13.4 12.4 11.3 11.9 11.6
Italy 8.6 8.3 8 7.8 7.8 7.4 6.9